Jay Condition had their share of racial prejudice

Liber College in Wayne Township are illustrative from dreams off equality

Although not, it would seem, one specific kept so much more open minded thinking compared to neighboring Wells and you may Blackford Areas. Abolitionists particularly John P. Shanks was basically a powerful determine and there is significant proof of Below ground Railway interest especially in Penn Township. Liber is built during the 1853 from the a good Presbyterian missionary. When George Lowe (aka George Hunter), an ebony, are proposed as students, some stockholders objected and you will withdrew its help toward college or university. Farmers’ Academy is mainly based since the a segregated business within School Place, just a short distance later of Liber University.


McBride, Michael. “School Long gone, But History Nevertheless Good.” Charlotte, NC sexy girls Muncie [Indiana] Star Drive, n.d.. (IHS clippings document) Montgomery, Meters.W. History of Jay County. 1864. Reprint, Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1969.

You.S. Bureau of one’s Census. “Aggregate Amount of Per Malfunction of Persons inside Section of Indiana,” 1: 352. Sixth Census of your own You, 1840. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Workplace, 1841.

U.S. Bureau of one’s Census. “Inhabitants out of Civil Divisions Lower than Areas; Desk III-State from Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of one’s United states, 1870. Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Bodies Printing Office, 1872.

Jefferson County was molded from inside the 1811, and you can registered very early settlement by the African Americans, of many just before statehood. According to the U.S. Federal Census, into the 1820 there are all in all, 112 free individuals of color. The latest black colored population went on to rise-240 in the 1830, 429 inside 1840, 568 during the 1850, 512 when you look at the 1860 (a small disappear) and you can a sharp improve from 1105 in 1870. One to early resident from Jefferson State are William Hood. Inside 1818, Hood removed a retirement to have their Revolutionary Battle Solution. Given that good 16 –seasons –dated servant from inside the 1769, he previously escape out-of his holder. From the 1800 he was for the Rockingham, Vermont. He paid within the Jefferson Condition, Indiana, a while ahead of their relationships so you can Kitty Debois for the August nine, 1812. Bonnet died when you look at the 1829; his descendants was in fact included in Jefferson and you will Jennings areas from the 1830. A few of the early surnames placed in Coy D. Robbins’ Black Pioneers into the Indiana 1830, comes with Bolin, Evans, Gray, Griffin, Jackson and you will Stafford. From inside the 1850, there are 46 black colored landowners whose real estate try with each other valued at $thirty five,480. (Heller)

Among the many very first outlying agreements in Jefferson State receive in the 2–step 3 miles north off Hanover was Graysville. When a keen English travelers Edward S. Abdy toured Madison, Indiana from inside the 1834, he fulfilled John and Melinda Cosby (Crosby). Melinda advised Abdy that they had reach the space throughout the 1821, just after way of living along the lake during the Kentucky- during the concern about kidnapers, who were stealing children out of free anybody and you can promoting all of them down southern area. Abdy means the fresh new settlers while the via Virginia and Kentucky. Some was in fact liberated slaves, other people got bought their freedom and also the others was indeed in the first place freeman. There have been a maximum of 11 families, with a population of 129. John Cosby got a few farms composed of 137 acres. Graysville in addition to got an energetic church, school, and lots of cemeteries.

An alternative identified outlying payment is situated in Hailies regarding Kentucky is actually a couple surnames associated with this community. Matthew Hume’s facts was told on WPA interview out-of former submissives surviving in Indiana. Hume is created a servant inside Kentucky; it had been throughout the a year following Emancipation Proclamation in advance of the guy realized he was totally free. Towards January 1, 1865, he entered the fresh new Kansas Lake on Madison. Hume and his awesome family members turned into productive people in the newest Hanover African Methodist Episcopal Chapel and you may donated assets on the structure away from good brand new university that was completed in 1871. Guidance regarding the very first evidence of a keen AME Church into the Hanover is in 1842, obtained from Moments, Indiana Annual Conference, African Methodist Episcopal Church 1840-1845, since wrote regarding the African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Magazine, George Hogarth, publisher. This new chapel remains productive today. There are numerous cemeteries on the that it settlement.

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