Amongst the 1850 and you can 1860 census Allen Condition said a good thirty-five% shed inside the African american society

Fort Wayne and you can Allen County’s tall society drop is most likely due in order to increasing racial polarization during the later 1850s. This matter continued so you can ericans by the 1870 census. The brand new county’s people surged so you’re able to 169 in 1880 features due to the fact trended upward, enumerating 41,618 African Us americans regarding 2010 census.


Kirby, J. Randolph. “Notes for the Emergence away from a black colored Neighborhood in the Fort Wayne, Indiana between 1820 and you will 1850.” Old Fort Information 54: 1-a dozen.

Quinn, Angela Yards. The latest Below ground Railway in addition to Antislavery Direction inside Fort Wayne and Allen Condition, Indiana. Fort Wayne, IN: Arch, Inc., 2001.

Stith, Hana L. Lighting up an over looked Heritage, Ebony History, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Fort Wayne, Ind.: African & African american People Museum, 2005.

U.S. Agency of Census. “Aggregate Level of For each and every Description away from Persons contained in this District regarding Indiana,” 1: 352. 6th Census of United states, 1840. Arizona, D.C.: You.S. Census Place of work, 1841.

You.S. Agency of the Census. Population of Municipal Departments Lower than Counties; Table III Condition regarding Indiana,” 1:124 7th Census of your own United states, 1850 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Place of work, 1852

You.S. Bureau of one’s Census. Population out of Municipal Divisions Lower than Counties; Table III State from Indiana,” 1:124 Eighth Census of your All of us, 1860. Arizona, D.C.: You.S. Census Place of work, 1862

You.S. Agency of the Census. “Inhabitants regarding Civil Divisions Below Counties; Table III-Condition of Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of the Us, 1870. Arizona, D.C.: You.S. Bodies Printing Office, 1872.

Bartholomew Condition was designed inside the 1821. According to government censuses, the quantity of blacks and you will mulattos is actually 6 in the 1830 (including the Nancy Tyler and you can James Slight family members), 34 inside 1840, 82 in the 1850, 6 for the 1860, and 42 within the 1870.

Bartholomew County’s you to definitely identified payment sometimes entitled “Africa,” “Smokey Slope,” otherwise “Nigger Slope” was based in Columbus Lexington, OK in USA wives Township

The important decrease from 1850 in order to 1860 tends to be caused by the newest negative racial conditions and you may/otherwise greatest monetary opportunities various other section (Handley and you may Robbins, 33). It was not up until 1880 your town of Columbus saw a ample boost in its black colored populace.These citizens lived-in Columbus Township additionally the town of Columbus. A number of the surnames was: Jones, Oxendine, Galbreath, Mitchell, Simmons and Newby. (Newby and Slope was basically labels that were regarding the Beech Settlement during the nearby Rush Condition.) This type of early settlers originated North carolina, South carolina, Virginia and you can Indiana.

Many of the family that have been throughout the 1850 census is and additionally listed in this new Check in of Negroes and you may Mulattoes getting Bartholomew County. (Robbins, Indiana Negro Records 1852-1865) Researcher Xenia Elizabeth. Cable covers a not known Bartholomew County payment in her own essay, “Black Outlying Agreements inside Indiana before 1860” (Gibbs, 104-105). Into July 30, 1927, historian George Pence exhibited a magazine just before a combined conference regarding the latest Bartholomew State Historic Neighborhood therefore the State house Literary Pub (Paulette Roberts Collection). On report, Pence says: “Along in the early fifties slightly most Negroes, certain 50 souls, all told, had settled on southern area element of Columbus, and payment was locally called Africa.

From inside the later years following the emigration of your own coloured some body the fresh new area are made into a modern term compared to Smokey Row. It appears to be the city titled “Africa” and you can “Smokey Line” is actually also known as “Nigger Mountain” regarding late 1870s. A keen African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Congregation in the Columbus is identified as are a part of the newest Salem Routine having cuatro players within the 1841 (Minutes, Indiana Yearly Meeting, AME Church). Within the 1850 there are about three “negro” home owners which have a home respected from the $520 (Heller, 303).

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